Nobel Laureates

1901. Sully Prudhomme

1902.  Theodor Mommsen

1903.  Bjornstjerne Bjornson

1904.  a.  Frederic Mistral

1904.  b.  Jose Echegaray

1905.  Henryk Sienkiewicz

1906.  Giosue Carducci

1907.  Rudyard Kipling

1908.  Rudolf Christoph Eucken

1909.  Selma Lagerlof

1910.  Paul von Heyse

1911.  Maurice Maeterlinck

1912.  Gerhart Hauptmann

1913.  Rabindranath Tagore

1915.  Romain Rolland

1916.  Verner von Heidenstam

1917.  a.  Karl Adolph Gjellerup

1917.  b.  Henrik Pontoppidan

1919.  Carl Spitteler

1920.  Knut Hamsun

1921.  Anatole France

1922.  Jacinto Benavente

1923.  William Butler Yeats

1924.  Wladyslaw Reymont

1925.  George Bernard Shaw

1926.  Grazia Deledda

1927.  Henri Bergson

1928.  Sigrid Undset

1929.  Thomas Mann

1930.  Sinclair Lewis

1931.  Erik Ael Karlfeldt

1932.  John Galsworthy

1933.  Ivan Bunin

1934.  Luigi Pirandello

1936.  Eugene O’Neill

1937.  Roger Martin du Gard

1938.  Pearl S. Buck

1939.  Frans Eemil Sillanpaa

1944.  Johannes Vilhelm Jensen

1945.  Gabriela Mistral

1946.  Hermann Hesse

1947.  Andre Gide

1948.  TS Eliot

1949.  William Faulkner

1950.  Bertrand Russell

1951.  Par Lagerkvist

1952.  Francois Mauriac

1953.  Winston Churchill

1954.  Ernest Hemingway (USA, 1899-1961) – for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style”

hemingway_postcard

The Old Man and the Sea

A Movable Feast

1955.  Halldor Laxness

1956.  Juan Ramon Jimenez

1957.  Albert Camus

1958.  Boris Paternak

1959.  Salvatore Quasimodo

1960.  Saint-John Perse

1961.  Ivo Andric

1962.  John Steinbeck

1963.  Giorgos Seferis

1964.  Jean-Paul Sartre

1965.  Mikhail Sholokhov

1966.  a.  Shmuel Yosef Agnon

1966.  b.  Nelly Sachs

1967.  Miguel Angel Asturias

1968.  Kawabata Yasunari

1969.  Samuel Beckett

1970.  Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

1971.  Pablo Neruda

1972.  Heinrich Boll

1973. Patrick White

1974.  a.  Eyvind Johnson

1974.  b.  Harry Martinson

1975.  Eugenio Montale

1976.  Saul Bellow

1977.  Vicente Aleixandre

1978.  Isaac Bashevis Singer

1979.  Odysseas Elytis

1980.  Czeslaw Milosz

1981.  Elias Canetti

1982.  Gabriel Garcia Marquez (Colombia, 1928-) – “for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent’s life and conflicts”

marquez_postcard

Love in the Time of Cholera

1983.  William Golding (United Kingdom, 1911-1993) – “for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today”

golding_postcard

Lord of the Flies

1984.  Jaroslav Seifert

1985.  Claude Simon

1986.  Wole Soyinka

1987.  Joseph Brodsky

1988.  Naguib Mahfouz

1989.  Camilo Jose Cela

1990.  Octavio Paz

1991.  Nadine Gordimer

1992.  Derek Walcott

1993.  Toni Morrison

1994.  Kenzaburo Oe

1995.  Seamus Heaney

1996.  Wislawa Szymborska

1997.  Dario Fo

1998.  Jose Saramago (Portugal, 1922-2010) – “who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality”

saramago_postcard

Blindness

The Gospel According to Jesus Christ

All the Names

Baltasar and Blimunda

1999.  Gunter Grass

2000.  Gao Xingjian

2001.  VS Naipaul

2002.  Imre Kertesz

2003.  JM Coetzee

2004.  Elfriede Jelinek

2005.  Harold Pinter

2006.  Orhan Pamuk

2007.  Doris Lessing

2008.  JMG Clezio

2009.  Herta Muller

2010.  Mario Vargas Llosa

2011.  Tomas Transtromer

2012.  Mo Yan

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